News is information given to people about events that are happening around them. In recent years, news has become much more interactive and consumers share stories and recommendations online. This has led to a greater demand for user-generated content in news production.
However, while consumers have the capacity to select news for themselves, they do not have the time or the energy to verify the reliability of a website or fact-check a story. It is important for journalists to understand how their audience views news. Therefore, this study investigates the types of articles that are most popular with readers. The findings indicate that a number of factors influence the type of news that is selected for publication. These include the quality of the story, the perceived relevance of the story and the perceived impact of the news.
Identifying the values associated with news can be a useful way to explain the selection process. However, it does not provide a complete explanation of the process. Many scholars have taken different approaches in theorizing the importance of news values. Several have examined organisational and cultural factors and some have studied the economics of media. Some researchers have also used their own experiences and analysis of news outputs to formulate concepts of news values.
For example, Galtung and Ruge tested the theory that the “news value” of a newspaper was determined by how well it met its stated news value criteria. Their study included both traditional newspapers and newer digital news outlets. They also expanded the sample of newspapers, including the Norwegian press.
A good news story has a positive overtone, and can also be surprising. However, a bad news story has a negative overtone. While a hard news story is usually factual, a soft news story is a longer, more interesting article. Generally speaking, these stories are about something that is on-going or an interesting person.
In addition to the journalistic selection process, external factors such as the role of public relations professionals, the belief systems of journalists and the beliefs of advertisers can also play a role in news selection. Those who believe that Twitter made journalists obsolete are mistaken. Rather, this technology has provided journalists with more opportunities for engaging with their audiences.
Another method of identifying the news value is to observe how the newspaper chooses to treat its stories. Some studies have investigated the role of design and photography in news. Others have explored the role of social media in news. All of these techniques can be used to test the validity of a scholarly understanding of news values.
Some scholars have attempted to define news values using a taxonomy. Other studies have argued that these values can only partially describe the journalistic selection process. However, they are still relevant to an understanding of the news value system and a shared operational understanding of what working journalists are required to produce.
Moreover, it is not unusual for a planned story to be discarded at the last minute. This has been shown to be true for both local and national news.