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The Basics of Law


Law is a system of rules that a society or government develops in order to deal with crime, business agreements and social relationships. It includes a number of different branches including criminal law, property law, business law, tax law, and international law.

Legal Rights

The term “rights” is often used to refer to a specific legal rule or decision that protects an individual’s right or interest. For example, employees have a legal right to organize and work together as a union to improve working conditions. The laws of most countries make it illegal to threaten or coerce employees into not organizing or exercising their rights.


Law regulates public services, such as energy and water, as well as certain industries, such as mining. It also governs the activities of private companies that provide such services.

Religious Law

Religions, such as the Catholic Church and some Muslim communities, have a body of law that is based on religious precepts. These are usually written down in canons and can be interpreted through other means, such as precedent.


Lawyers and courts work to keep the law fair, reasonable, and impartial. This includes ensuring that a defendant is not unfairly convicted of a crime.

Judges and juries have the power to decide cases in court. They do this by hearing evidence and determining whether the defendant is guilty or not.

The legal theory of rights is a way of thinking about why and how people should be allowed to exercise their freedoms and rights. It is a type of jurisprudence and has been around for thousands of years.